India is known throughout the world for its diverse culture and unique traditions, which are infused with rich values and various beliefs. It has always been the land of the Sufi Saints, who have not only played a key role in combining various religions but have also emphasised the inward search for God and the inherent generosity of humans.
Makhdoom Sahib Shrine Srinagar
On the southern side of the Hari Parbat hill is the historic shrine of Makhdoom Sahib, which is visited by people of all faiths. It is the shrine of Sheikh Hamza Makhdum. also known as Makhdoom Sahib, Mehboob-ul-Alam, and Sultan-Ul-Arifeen. The shrine is located on Koh e Maran Hill’s southern side. It is one of the most sacred shrines in Kashmir. This double-storied, many-pillared structure displays a remarkable architectural style. This shrine is visited not only by Muslims but by people of all faiths throughout the year. Makhdoom Sahib, also called Hazrat Sultan, was a Sufi saint.
History of Makhdoom Sahib Shrine
Hazrat Sultan-ul-Arfeen Sheikh Hamza Makhdoom popularly known as Makhdoom Sahib was born in the year 900 AH in Tujr Sharif, a village of Zainagar (Sopore). His father’s name was Hazrat Baba Usman Raina (RA). His family was cradle of knowledge and values. Respected father sent him to learn the Holy Quran in the Quranic School of his village as per tradition. After staying a year in service of Hazrat Baba Fatehullah (RA), he completed course of learning Holy Quran. At his behest, he entered Darul Shifa Madrasa for further studies, where along with sufism, ethics, education, regular education in jurisprudence, Hadith, Tafseer, literature, logic and philosophy were taught. He used to go to Shamsi Chak seminary to learn about dhikr, worship and ma’rif.
Hamza Makhdoom was born in the village of Tujjar near Sopore in Baramulla district. His father was called Baba Usman and came from a Chandravanshi Rajput family. According to tradition, teenage Hamza Makhdoom studied in the Shamsi Chak monastery for a year, and later studied jurisprudence, tradition, philosophy, logics, ethics and mysticism in a madrasa founded by Ismail Kubrawi.
A prolific scholar and spiritual preacher, Hamza Makhdoom adhered to the tradition of Jalaluddin Bukhari. He directed his teachings specifically to the followers of Islam, and under his influence a part of Kashmir’s population trully followed the Hanafi.
He died at an age of 82 in year 1576 in Srinagar. His shrine, located on the southern slope of Hari Parbat Hill and popularly called Makhdoom Sahib and Hazrat Sultan, is an important pilgrimage centre in Kashmir.
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