Chashma Shahi, also known as Chashmashahi, is a beautiful Mughal garden located in the city of Srinagar, in the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir. It is one of the most famous tourist destinations in the region and attracts visitors from all over the world.
The garden was built in the 17th century by the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan, and is situated at the foot of the Zabarwan Mountains. The name “Chashma Shahi” means “the royal spring”, and refers to the natural spring that feeds the garden’s fountains and water channels.
The garden is laid out in three terraces, each with its own distinct character and features. The first terrace is the lowest, and is home to the natural spring that gives the garden its name. The second terrace is home to a beautiful pavilion, known as the “Chini Khanas” or “Chinese pavilion”. This pavilion is made of imported glazed tiles and is an excellent example of Mughal architecture.
The third and highest terrace is the most spectacular, with stunning views of the surrounding mountains and the Dal Lake. This terrace features a number of fountains, water channels, and flowerbeds, as well as several pavilions and terraces for visitors to relax and enjoy the views.
One of the highlights of Chashma Shahi is its unique collection of plants and flowers. The garden is home to a variety of rare and exotic plants, including several species of roses, lilies, and irises. The garden also features several fruit trees, including apples, cherries, and almonds.
In addition to its natural beauty, Chashma Shahi also has a rich cultural and historical significance. It was built during the Mughal period, when the region was known for its thriving art and culture. The garden is a testament to the skill and craftsmanship of the Mughal architects and artisans who built it, and it serves as a reminder of the region’s rich cultural heritage.
Overall, Chashma Shahi is a must-visit destination for anyone traveling to Srinagar or the Kashmir Valley. Its natural beauty, stunning views, and rich history make it a unique and unforgettable experience.